When you talk about the number of working hours per month in 2022, you usually say 160, which is often not quite true. This year (2022), for example, it is between 152 and 184 working hours with an average of 169 hours per month! Here in the table below you can see exactly how many working days, working hours, number of Saturdays and Sundays as well as other free days, for example red days, Midsummer's Eve, Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve. On those occasions when a red day coincides with a Saturday or Sunday, it is included in the Saturday & Sunday column. We also count on 8-hour working days. Which days in Sweden are counted as public holidays are regulated in Lag (1989: 253) "The Public Holidays Act". Most people are thus free on the following holidays, even if they happen to coincide with a normal weekday:
- Easter Day and Pentecost
- New Year's Day and Thirteenth Day of Christmas
- May 1
- Christmas Day and Christmas Eve
- Good Friday and Easter Monday
- Ascension Day
- Sweden's National Day
- Midsummer Day
- All Saints Day
|Month||Working days||Working hours||Sat & Sun.||Others|
|Total annual working hours||253||2024||105||7|
|Average / Month||21||169||8.75||0.58|
Since the end of the 19th century, May Day has been one of the most important recurring festivals and events of the labor movement. Its history is closely linked to the rise of socialism in Europe and has had a very strong hold, not least in Sweden.
But what is the first of May really about?
The growth of the labor movement
Despite the fact that the USA is now mainly associated with the free market, it is actually from there that the first of May originates. Although the idea of organizing works has a much longer history, most believe that its model is a decision made in 1884 in the United States. The American Labor Movement Federation of Labor (AFL) decided to demand a broad limitation of the working day to eight hours.The Second International was an organization formed in Paris to mark a kind of symbolic extension of the French Revolution, while striking a blow for the rights of future workers. Their formation in 1889 is also usually seen as a kind of beginning of the first corn position as an official holiday. The labor movement has since been a decentralized social movement with a focus on improving workers' rights. The concept is broad and includes both organized unions and the ambitions and expressions of individuals. The labor movement has been active in many countries throughout history, but it has been most successful in Western industrialized countries. The labor movement is often associated with socialist and communist political parties and organizations, but it is not necessarily tied to any particular ideology.
The first May trainA special symbol for the first of May is the first May train that takes place every year in several countries. Not least in Sweden, it has had a very strong position. The song Internationalen is in many places the train's more or less official theme song. Although the train is common, they continue to have a controversial position in many parts of the world where the labor movement is not yet accepted.
Good Friday and Easter Monday
In Christian tradition, Good Friday and the second day of Easter are two very important festivals that are both essential in the attention of Jesus. But even in the secularized world, these days in many places have the status of an official full day.
Despite the fact that they are holidays, the celebrations in many countries have more or less not taken place. What is unique is that the weekends in some places are barely noticed, while in other places they involve very large events.
Here is a little more information about what Easter Monday and Good Friday are really about.
Good Friday is basically a Christian holiday that takes place in memory of Jesus' crucifixion. It takes place on the Friday before Easter, and has as its original idea to focus on the suffering that Jesus went through in connection with the crucifixion. In Sweden, it took until the 17th century before it became a holiday.
Good Friday's date varies greatly from year to year, and that is why it is said to occur on the very Friday before Easter. In many countries, Good Friday is celebrated with a symbolic crucifixion. In connection with this, there is also a longer period of fasting.
For Sweden, on the whole, Good Friday has been a low-key holiday that is not really celebrated beyond church circles. Internationally, however, it has been considerably more tangible.
Easter Monday is also a public holiday in many countries. It is celebrated on the first Monday after Easter. In the USA, on the other hand, Easter Day has a special position as it is not a state-wide holiday. Therefore, the celebration differs greatly in different places.
The second day of Easter is originally a day to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus. Therefore, the celebration has a historical anchorage in the service. It would probably not be too unfair to say that the second day of Easter is mainly noticed by the people who regularly visit the church.